Arthritis Rehabilitation


The Physio Studio Center offers a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary medical and therapeutic program for patients with arthritis of various types including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, lupus, myopathies, and other musculoskeletal disorders.

Treatment protocols include individually designed therapy programs and exercise prescriptions, and a variety of drug regimens. Treatment focuses on pain relief, control of inflammation, management of medication, and the improvement of function and independence. The overall goal of Physio Studio Center is to improve the quality of life of patients with these debilitating diseases.

What is Arthritis ?

  • Arthritis basically means joint pain or joint disease. There are different types of arthritis which can present in different ways. It can be a debilitating disease, however, it can be managed effectively so that you can still participate in the things you enjoy.
  • Types of Arthritis ?

  • Degenerative arthritis/ Osteoarthritis. (OA)
  • Inflammatory arthritis eg. Ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Metabolic arthritis eg. Gout.
  • Infectious arthritis.
Symptoms

Osteoarthritis

  • Joint pain
  • Joint stiffness which eases with movement
  • Swelling of the joint
  • Grinding sensations (crepitus).
Ankylosing Spondylitis

  • Pain and stiffness usually in the back which is worse in the mornings and with rest.
  • Alleviated by movement.
  • Other accompanying symptoms can include fatigue, inflammation of the eye, and inflammation of the bowl (IBS)
Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Joint pain and stiffness (can occur on both sides of the body).
  • Fatigue
  • Anaemia
  • Flu like symptoms
Phases of Arthritis:

Acute Phase

Q. How the patient presents?

  • Ans. Patient will have severe pain and swelling of one or more than one joints with or without fever.
  • Q. How to treat?

    • Rice is the first line of treatment.
    • R- Rest
    • I- Icing.
    • C- Compression.
    • E- Elevation.
    • Firstly we will immobilize the joint brace or splints.
    • Ice packs to be applied thrice a day over the affected joint.
    • Compression if required. (In joints with gross swelling).
    • Isometric Exercise so that the muscles are not wasted & subsequent rehabilitation becomes easier.
    • CHRONIC PHASE

      Q. How the patient presents?

      • Ans. Patient presents with mild to moderate pain, deformity & restriction of movements.
      • Q. How to treat?

      • Ans. Firstly, we reduce the pain using different Modalities but we mainly focus on strengthening the surrounding Muscles and Regaining the range of motion of the involved joint.
      • Strong muscles not only increase the efficiency of joints but also act as splints for the painful joint.
      • Range of movement is increased by a very specific technique of stretching of Antagonist, and strengthening of agonists.
      • Q. What is Deformity?

      • Ans. Patient with Arthritis generally has deformed joints like varus deformity of the knee, Flexion deformity of hip & kyphotic deformity of spine.
      • Q. How to treat?

      • Ans. We stretch the Capsule, ligaments and muscles on the concave side of the deformity & provide corrective splints for the convex side.
      • Footwear Modification & gait training is also part of deformity correction for this we have a dedicated team who takes electronic impression of feet and design custom made footwear.
      • Q. What are other comorbidities ?

      • Ans. Many of these patients suffer from Obesity, Diabetes, cardiac issue, Hypertension, Thyroid, Osteoporosis, etc. For perfect outcome of the patients we co-ordinate with respective departments in the Hospital to take care of these issues.
      • Q. What are Psychosocial Issues?

      • Ans. Most of these patients are Disabled to an extent that they cannot perform professional/ Recreational activities. This leads to Isolation of these group of population from the society and family.